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    企業盈利預期負面,可美股為什么不受影響?

    Erik Sherman 2019年07月24日

    盈利預期負面的公司數量創下歷史新高,投資者卻無動于衷。

    對股票投資者來說,市場現狀應該令人不安才對。

    根據財經信息供應商FactSet的數據,截至7月3日,共有114家標普500指數成分股公司發布了第二季度財報和第三季度每股收益預估,其中88家預期負面。換而言之,77%的公司預計第三季度每股收益將低于2018年同期的水平。FactSet發布報告稱,這創下了自2006年公司開始追蹤該數據以來的單季比例第二高。

    市場起伏向來依賴于對未來盈利增長的預期,這一消息堪稱可怕,投資者卻無動于衷。6月美國股市還幾乎創下歷史紀錄,道瓊斯工業平均指數和標普500指數均觸及新高,原因何在?

    “簡單來說,就是仰仗美聯儲。”資產管理公司GuideStone Capital Management的總裁大衛·斯皮卡說道。“投資者太過自滿,也太過依賴貨幣政策了。有種觀點認為,美聯儲能夠拯救一切危難,而我認為投資者是在自欺欺人。”

    從聯邦基金期貨市場價格走勢來看,預期美聯儲在7月降息的可能性已達100%。而且市場不僅預測7月會降息,明年的每一次會議都會降息,基本認定本月底利率將會降至2.09%,2020年7月會議后降至1.52%。

    雖然盈利增長減速,但仍然保持上升勢頭。財富管理公司Bartlett Wealth Management的負責人布萊恩·安特努奇表示:“企業財報顯示盈利實現了正增長,也重申了對未來12個月的積極預期,2019年將出現衰退的想法已經消失。”

    此外,許多人都認為,如果中美貿易摩擦的緊張局勢得以緩和,就會有更多的好消息。“人們預計,接近年底時盈利預期將走高。” 投資公司Crossmark Global Investments的首席市場策略師維多利亞·費爾南德斯說道。

    生產者物價指數的升幅與消費者物價指數的升幅大致相當,表明影響利潤率以及盈利的因素是生產和成本,而非長期勞動力價格。

    “如果人們預計第四季度(盈利預期)將會大幅升高,那么無視當前財報數據中的一些負面因素就說得通了,因為數據反映的都是過去的情況。”費爾南德斯說道。

    如果市場走低,那么今年秋天投資者可能竹籃打水一場空。(財富中文網)

    譯者:Charlie

    審校:夏林

    It should be an unnerving time for equities investors.

    As of July 3, 88 out of 114 S&P 500 companies that released earnings and issued earning-per-share guidance for the third quarter gave negative guidance, according to FactSet. In other words, looking at their third quarters, 77% expected lower EPS than they did at the same time in 2018. The percentage is the second highest FactSet has seen in a single quarter since it began tracking that data in 2006, according to a report from the company.

    For markets that depend on the anticipation of future earnings growth, that would seem to be terrible news. But investors have shrugged it off. June was a near record month and both the Dow and S&P 500 have hit record highs. Why?

    “In one word, it’s the Fed,” said David Spika, president of GuideStone Capital Management. “Investors have become way too complacent and way too dependent on monetary policy. There’s a belief that the Fed can save us from everything, and I think investors have their heads in the sand.”

    The Fed funds futures market has priced in a 100% chance that the Fed will cut rates—not just in July, but at every meeting through the next year, essentially assuming that the rate will be 2.09% at the end of this month and 1.52% after the July 2020 meeting.

    Although earnings are off, they remain up. “The thought of a recession happening in 2019 vanished as companies reported positive earnings growth and reaffirming outlooks into the next twelve months,” said Brian Antenucci, a principal with Bartlett Wealth Management.

    Also, many are assuming better news down the line if U.S.-China trade war tensions ease. “People are expecting that guidance to move higher toward the end of the year,” said Victoria Fernandez, chief market strategist at Crossmark Global Investments.

    The producer price index was up about as much as the consumer price index, suggesting that production and cost, not long-term labor, are the issues affecting margins and, therefore, earnings.

    “If people expect a big bump in the fourth quarter, perhaps that’s why people are overlooking some of the negativity we see in the numbers because that’s in the past,” Fernandez said.

    If not, investors could be in for an ugly wakeup call this fall.

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