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    用好這五招,把暑期實習變成工作機會

    Anne Fisher 2019年08月06日

    若想在實習的公司轉正,就別只做表面功夫。要把實習當成彩排或現場試鏡,或是持續兩個月的工作面試。

    首先,放下手機。圖片來源:Klaus Vedfelt — Getty Images

    暑假快完了,你放棄跟好朋友去海邊享受,選擇去公司里努力實習。這是好事,可以提高畢業后找工作的機會,就算進不了實習的公司,也可以找別家公司。據美國全國大學和雇主協會的報告,在申請全職工作的2019屆畢業生中,超過一半(52%)至少找到了一份工作。其中有實習經驗的畢業生優勢明顯,實習過的畢業生約56%獲得工作機會,從未實習過的畢業生里有44%找到了工作。

    想在實習的公司轉正?好消息是,其實上司可能也希望你能夠留下。“隨著就業市場收緊,越來越多雇主將實習當成低成本低風險的‘試駕’,為招聘正式員工做準備。”位于紐約市的ABS Staffing Solutions公司的首席執行官奧利爾·舒爾指出。“所以,如果公司招你實習,很可能是因為考慮正式聘用。所以別搞砸了機會。”

    這也正是困難所在。舒爾補充說,雖然并非本意,有些實習生似乎并不懂得應該如何給人留下好印象,也不知道如何避免惹到同事和上級,怎么說呢,就是讓人煩。實習其實是“真正的機會。”她說。“別只做表面功夫。要把實習當成彩排或現場試鏡,或是持續兩個月的工作面試。”

    有五種辦法能夠幫助你脫穎而出:

    1.放下手機。一天里偶爾看幾次沒有關系,但舒爾從雇主口中聽到最多的抱怨是,現在的實習生“手機好像長在手上一樣”。工作時花很多時間盯著手機屏幕,卻“錯過了實習的真正目的:學習業務,磨練技能,積累現實生活經驗。”而且你向周圍的人傳達的信息是,感覺在當前公司以及當前崗位沒有什么意思。這樣一來,公司為什么要聘用你呢?

    2.認真工作,積極參與。上班早點到。積極參加會議,像攢學分上課一樣認真聽(如果實習內容類似勤工儉學,沒準還真能夠積攢學分)。“認識公司里職位比你高,跟你差不多,以及‘比你低’的人,加強了解。”舒爾建議道。“主動幫助同事做一些其實不在工作范圍內的事情。你越是擼起袖子努力干活,夏天過去之后人們對你的印象就越深刻。”這樣一來也就可能建議公司招你做全職工作。

    3.征求反饋意見。“這對所有人都適用,不僅是實習生。”舒爾說。詢問目前工作是否在正軌上,以及有沒有需要改進之處。”如果暑假剛開始上司就為你設定了具體的目標,持續匯報目標實現的進度,對任何有助于提高水平的建議持開放態度。“公司都喜歡看中結果的人。”舒爾指出。“要證明你也很注重結果。”

    4.記住:沒有愚蠢的問題。想知道怎么做一定會惹上司發怒嗎?讓上司布置你點任務,然后不做。等到上司問你為什么沒做時,回答說因為不會。“人們經常不敢承認自己不懂。”舒爾指出。過去幾年她的暑期實習生有時也會犯這個毛病。“但你去實習就是為了學習,而且面對不熟悉的公司和崗位,有些事不懂也十分正常。”提出問題“不會讓人感覺你很傻。”她補充道。“事實恰恰相反。”所以大膽提問題吧。

    5.勤做筆記。“我每天都記下創意、想法、任務、提醒,還有一些涂鴉。”英國企業家理查德·布蘭森在2017年出版的自傳《致所有瘋狂的家伙》(Losing My Virginity)一書中寫道。“如果不記下來,做之前就忘了。”布蘭森認為公司能夠成功跟保持該習慣有關。他還堅持讓全體員工,從高管到入門實習生都培養做筆記的習慣。“如果我手下有人不做筆記,我會問他們:‘你這么重要嗎?’記筆記并不會顯得低人一等。”這是一個非常有用的習慣,即使(還)沒有當上打破常規的億萬富翁也同樣有必要。(財富中文網)

    譯者:馮豐

    審校:夏林

    So there you are, spending your last days of summer toiling away as an intern instead of, say, hanging out with your besties at the beach. Well, good news: that by itself boosts your chances of being hired after graduation, if not by this company, then somewhere else. Over half (52%) of the Class of 2019 who applied for full-time jobs got at least one job offer, reports the National Association of Colleges and Employers, while those with internship experience had an edge: About 56% of erstwhile interns received offers, versus 44% of grads who had never interned.

    Hoping to get offered a real job at the enterprise where you’re working now? It might cheer you to know that your bosses are probably hoping the same thing. “In this very tight job market, more employers are using internships as a low-cost, low-risk way of ‘test-driving’ people for real jobs,” notes Ariel Schur, CEO of New York City-based ABS Staffing Solutions. “So, if they hired you as an intern in the first place, it’s probably because they’re considering making you an offer. Don’t give them any reason not to.”

    Ah, there’s the rub. Even with the best of intentions, some interns seem clueless about how to make a great impression, Schur adds —and how to avoid striking coworkers and higher-ups as, frankly, annoying. This gig is “a real opportunity,” she says. “Don’t just go through the motions. Treat your internship like a dress rehearsal or a live audition, or like a two-month-long job interview.”

    Here are 5 ways to hit it out of the park:

    1. Put down your phone. It’s okay to take a quick peek a couple of times a day, but the biggest gripe Schur hears from employers is that the current crop of interns “treats phones like another extremity.” Spending huge chunks of the workday staring at that little screen means “you’re missing out on what you are there for: learning about the business, honing your skills, and getting real-life experience.” You’re also conveying the message to the people around you that you don’t find this company, or your role in it, all that interesting. So why would they want to hire you?

    2. Be visible and involved. Show up early. Ask to sit in on meetings, and pay attention as closely as if you were in a for-credit course (which, if your internship is of the work-study variety, you actually might be). “Introduce yourself to people above, alongside, and ‘below’ you in the organization, and get to know them,” Schur suggests. “Offer to lend a hand on things that aren’t technically in your wheelhouse. The more willing you are to roll up your sleeves and pitch in, the more likely people will be to remember you when the summer is over” —and to recommend bringing you on full-time.

    3. Ask for feedback. “This is a good idea for everyone, not only interns,” Schur says. “Ask if your work so far is on the right track, and whether there’s more you could be doing.” If your boss set specific goals for you at the start of the summer, report on how close you are —or not— to meeting them, and be open to any and all suggestions on how to up your game. “Companies want to hire people who are focused on results,” notes Schur. “Show that you’re one of them.”

    4. Remember: There are no dumb questions. Want to know a surefire way to exasperate your boss? Just let him or her request that you do something, and then don’t do it. When asked why not, explain by saying that you didn’t know how. “People often hesitate to admit they don’t know things,” notes Schur, whose own summer interns in past years have sometimes taken this route. “But you’re there to learn and, being new to the company and the role, there are naturally going to be things you can’t figure out on your own.” Asking questions “won’t make you look dumb,” she adds. “Just the opposite, in fact.” So ask already.

    5. Take notes. “I jot down ideas, thoughts, requests, reminders, and doodles every single day,” wrote British entrepreneur Richard Branson in his 2017 book, Losing My Virginity. “If I didn’t, I’d forget them before I could ever put them into action.” Branson —who credits the practice with his companies’ success— also insists that all of his employees, from the C-suite down to lowly interns, do likewise. “If somebody works for me and doesn’t take notes, I ask them, ‘Are you too important?’ Note-taking isn’t beneath anyone.” It’s a useful habit to cultivate, even if you're not an iconoclastic billionaire (yet).

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